Know the storm: Be prepared for hurricanes

Know the storm: Be prepared for hurricanes. Hurricanes are no laughing matter. Hurricanes are strong storms that can wreak havoc. Strong hurricane winds and rain can cause substantial damage, as can tidal surges that cause flooding to coastal areas.

Know the storm: Be prepared for hurricanes. Hurricanes are no laughing matter. Hurricanes are strong storms that can wreak havoc. Strong hurricane winds and rain can cause substantial damage, as can tidal surges that cause flooding to coastal areas.

Hurricanes are sometimes referred to as typhoons and tropical cyclones. But no matter the name, these storms pack the same powerful punch. Storms earn the hurricane designation when they include winds that reach 74 mph (119 kph).

Hurricane season typically runs between May and November. National Geographic says that hurricanes form over warm ocean waters near the equator. This warm, moist air from the ocean rises and then causes air from surrounding airs to be sucked into a continuous storm formation. Clouds begin to rotate with the Earth’s rotation. If there is enough warm water to feed the storm, then the hurricane forms.

Know the storm: Be prepared for hurricanes. Click To Tweet

Surviving a hurricane can come down to understanding the risks of the storm. Understanding hurricane terminology also can help. The following are some hurricane facts and preparedness tips.

Hurricane Facts & Preparedness Tips:

  1. The strongest part of a hurricane is called the wall. It is the most dangerous part of the hurricane with the strongest winds, heaviest rains and thickest clouds. The wall immediately surrounds the center eye of the storm.
  2. The circular “eye” of the hurricane is generally calm with no clouds. Hurricanes rotate in a counter-clockwise direction around the eye.
  3. Hurricanes are generally classified into five categories, depending on their severity. The higher the number, the more potent the storm.
  4. The National Hurricane Center started giving official names to storms in 1953. If a hurricane has been especially destructive, its name may be retired. Examples of retired names include Andrew, Katrina, Mitch, and Sandy. (see list below)
  5. Hurricanes will lose strength over land because they require moist ocean water for fuel.
  6. According to Science Kids, coastal regions are most at danger from hurricanes because of their proximity to the ocean.
  7. Data from the Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory found the three states with the most hurricane landfalls are Florida, Texas and Louisiana.
  8. Hurricanes do not affect Canadian cities and towns as much as places in the United States, but the Canadian Hurricane Centre was created as an expert source of information for Canadian residents. Atlantic Canada, namely Novia Scotia, is an area in Canada that is most likely to be impacted by hurricanes.
  9. People who live in areas where hurricanes frequently touch down are advised to put together hurricane preparedness kits, which should include drinking water, nonperishable foods, extra clothing, flashlights and batteries, candles, and other supplies that are helpful if the power goes out.
  10. Although many like to batten down the hatches and ride out storms, if a hurricane evacuation is advised, people should leave their homes. It may take days for power to be restored, and emergency personnel may not be able to reach injured or stranded residents in the interim.

Hurricane season is heating up and knowledge is key to remaining safe when storms start to blow through.

Retired Hurricane Names

Below is a list of Hurricane Names that are retired due to being destructive and/or deadly.

YearNameAreas Affected
2017NateCentral America, United States Gulf Coast
2017MariaCaribbean, Lesser Antilles, Puerto Rico
2017IrmaCaribbean, Southeastern United States
2017HarveyTexas, Louisiana
2016OttoPanama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua
2016MatthewCaribbean, Southeastern United States
2015JoaquinBahamas, Bermuda
2015ErikaLesser Antilles, Hispaniola
2012SandyJamaica, Cuba, Bahamas, Mid-Atlantic and Northeast U.S.
2011IreneBahamas, Mid-Atlantic and Northeast U.S.
2010TomasBarbados, St. Vincent, St. Lucia, Haiti, Turks and Caicos
2010IgorNewfoundland, Bermuda
2008PalomaCayman Islands, Cuba
2008IkeTurks and Caicos, Cuba, Texas
2008GustavHaiti, Jamaica, Caman Islands, Cuba, Louisiana
2007NoelHispaniola, Puerto Rico, Cuba, Bahamas
2007FelixNicaragua, Honduras
2007DeanMexico, Jamaica
2005WilmaCuba, Florida
2005StanMexico, Guatemala, El Salvador
2005RitaLouisiana, Texas, Florida
2005KatrinaLouisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Florida
2005DennisCuba, Florida
2004JeanneFlorida, Haiti
2004IvanGrenada, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Alabama, Florida
2004CharleyCuba, Florida
2003JuanNova Scotia
2003IsabelNorth Carolina, Virginia, Maryland
2002LiliCuba, Louisiana
2002IsidoreCuba, Mexico, Louisiana
2001MichelleCuba, Bahamas
2000KeithBelize, Mexico
1999LennyVirgin Islands, St. Maartin/St. Martin, Anguilla
1999FloydNorth Carolina
1998MitchCentral America, Nicaragua, Honduras
1998GeorgesLesser Antilles, Puerto Rico, Hispaniola, Cuba, Mississippi
1996HortensePuerto Rico, Dominican Republic
1996FranNorth Carolina
1995MarilynVirgin Islands, Leeward Islands
1995LuisLeeward Islands
1992AndrewBahamas, South Florida, Louisiana
1991BobNorth Carolina, Northeast U.S.
1989HugoAntilles, South Carolina
1988JoanCuracao, Venezuela, Colombia, Nicaragua (Crossed into the Pacific)
1988GilbertLesser Antilles, Jamaica, Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico
1985GloriaNorth Carolina, Northeast U.S.
1985ElenaMississippi, Alabama, Western Florida
1980AllenAntilles, Mexico, South Texas
1979FredericAlabama and Mississippi
1979DavidLesser Antilles, Hispaniola, Florida and Eastern U.S.
1975EloiseAntilles, Northwest Florida, Alabama
1974FifiHonduras, Guatemala
1974CarmenMexico, Louisiana
1972AgnesFlorida, Northeast U.S.
1970CeliaSouth Texas
1967BeulahAntilles, Mexico, South Texas
1966InezLesser Antilles, Hispaniola, Cuba, Florida Keys, Mexico
1965BetsyBahamas, Southeast Florida, Southeast Louisiana
1964DoraNortheast Florida
1964CleoLesser Antilles, Haiti, Cuba, Southeast Florida
1963FloraHaiti, Cuba
1961HattieBelize, Guatemala
1960DonnaBahamas, Florida and Eastern U.S.
1957AudreyLouisiana, Northeast Texas
1955JanetLesser Antilles, Belize, Mexico
1955IoneNorth Carolina
1955DianeMid-Atlantic U.S., Northeast U.S.
1955ConnieNorth Carolina
1954HazelAntilles, North and South Carolina
1954CarolNortheast U.S.

I am sure that Hurricane Michael from 2018 will be added to this list. So far, it has not. However, it was not added to the list.

List of Retired Hurricane Names. Click To Tweet

When In Doubt! Get Out!

I have never been through a hurricane where I live. But I do know that it is best not risk it and stay! There are plenty of people that would allow you to come stay with them! Even if you are a stranger. I see it all the time on my friends of Facebook.

Wind Speeds

These are based off the Saffir–Simpson Scale. (For 1 Minute maximum sustained winds)

Category or Typem/sknots (kn)mphkm/h
Five≥ 70 m/s≥ 137 kn≥ 157 mph≥ 252 km/h
Four58–70 m/s113–136 kn130–156 mph209–251 km/h
Three50–58 m/s96–112 kn111–129 mph178–208 km/h
Two43–49 m/s83–95 kn96–110 mph154–177 km/h
One33–42 m/s64–82 kn74–95 mph119–153 km/h
Tropical storm18–32 m/s34–63 kn39–73 mph63–118 km/h
Tropical depression≤ 17 m/s≤ 33 kn≤ 38 mph≤ 62 km/h
  • m/s = meter per second
  • kn = knots
  • mph = miles per hour
  • km/h or kph = kilometers per hour
  • Article and graphic compliments of MetroCreative #TF185984.
  • Wind Speeds from WikiPedia.
  • Retired Hurricane Names from WUnderground
  • Retired Hurricane Names from WikiPedia

First published October 10, 2018. Last updated or republished September 2, 2019.

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